South Sudan: A Review of the Development of Sustainable Energy Policy and Practices

Kai Edwin Whiting, Ater Amogpai, Luis Gabriel Carmona, Lara J Esser

Resumen


South Sudan is the youngest nation on this Earth with a population of 8.26 million. Only 1% of which, including the government, have access to electricity. Modern forms of energy are few and far between. Most rely on traditional biomass to provide their cooking and lighting needs. The extent of the national energy crisis and the resources curse is difficult to ascertain given the scarcity of information. This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of the available resource data. It estimates the potential of South Sudan’s renewable energy, as well as its electricity sector and potential energy efficient measures which could serve to improve quality of life. Barriers to energy infrastructural development are identified. Finally recommendations are provided, in order to help the embryonic government and energy sector establish a sustainable energy policy with which to kick-start the economy by bringing empowerment to the people.

 

Key words: South Sudan; Renewable; Energy Policy

 

Resumen

 

Sudán del Sur es la nación más joven en esta Tierra con una población de 8.260.000. Tan sólo el 1% de sus habitantes tienen acceso a la electricidad, mientras que el gobierno no cuenta con una fuente que sea confiable. Muchos no tienen acceso a formas modernas de energía en absoluto y dependen de la biomasa tradicional para proveer sus necesidades de alimentación y de iluminación. El alcance de la crisis por la seguridad energética y de la maldición de los recursos es difícil de determinar, dada la escasez de información. Este documento ofrece una evaluación completa de los datos sobre la disponibilidad de los recursos. Se estimó el potencial de energía renovable de Sudán del Sur, así como el de su sector eléctrico y de las medidas de eficiencia energética, que pueden ser de utilidad para mejorar la calidad de vida de sus ciudadanos. Las barreras al desarrollo de la infraestructura energética fueron identificadas. Por último se ofrecen recomendaciones, con el fin de ayudar al gobierno embrionario y al sector energético a establecer una política energética sostenible con la que pueda poner en marcha la economía, trayendo el empoderamiento de las personas.

 

Palabras clave: Sudán del Sur; Energías Renovables; Política Energética


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Referencias


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Investigación ambiental Ciencia y política pública. Publicación semestral. SEMARNAT-INECC. Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2012-07810255300-203, ISSN:2007-4492, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor.

Esta revista está indizada/resumida en: CAB Abstracts,  Latindex-Catálogo,  Latindex-Directorio y en Periódica. Índice de revistas latinoamericanas en ciencias.

 

 

 

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